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Fundamental Roles That A Software Development Team Must Have

Posted 15/11/22

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We have seen the Suitable Software Development Team Structure for a Custom Project in the previous article, there have been discussed 3 factors behind determining the structure of a software development team and the roles usually involved in a software development team.

This time, you will be invited to explore more about who really should be involved in the software development team. This is important to know so that you do not do double costing. Many companies hire a front-end developer and a different back-end developer, but if you want to cut your budget you can hire someone who can do both jobs at once.

So what are the basic roles that a software development team should have? Listen to the narrative below.

How Many Roles Are There in a Software Development Team?

software development team structure

Ideally, an organized software company has a development team of nearly 10 key positions. If mapped out, these 10 key positions involve Product Manager, Business Analyst, Engineering Manager, Software Architect, Software Developers, UX/UI Designers, QA Engineer, Scrum Master, Testers, and Team Lead or Tech Lead.

Each role has its function which has been explained in the previous article, you only need to click on this link (hyperlink) to know each task of them. For small companies or companies with relatively small project sizes, you may not need these 10 key positions. You have to be smart to see the opportunities that exist. Sorting out which team members to choose and which to combine. In determining it, you can follow the steps in building a software development team below:

1. The Scope of Work

Well, the most important and first step that must be taken is to determine the number of programmers by looking at the large volume of work. In the early stages, i.e. proof of concept you won’t need a big team, here you can trim team members. However. At the MVP stage, you need to recruit new technology talent. Then all you have to do is identify who you need to make your product work.

2. The Timeframes

Analyze how much time you have to avoid falling behind. With fewer team members in your software development structure, it will affect the project completion time.

3. The Budget

The budget has an important role in shaping the size of your team, you can outsource to get a workforce that is tailored to your budget. For example, a senior developer in the United States can cost you $30,000 per month, but if you hire a senior developer from Poland for that fee you can already employ as many as seven people. Outsourcing can also choose a reliable workforce in various roles to reduce the recruitment budget.

4. The Project Management Methodology

Every project requires a different approach, some requiring Waterfall, Lean, Agile, Six Sigma, and other methodologies. Each methodology also affects the team structure, about who should be involved in the development team. There is a methodology that is suitable for complex projects, so the development team must be more complete. Some are suitable for simple projects.

5. The Roles and Responsibilities

In different types of software development team structure means different roles for teammates as well. The structure of the internal software development team members is chosen depending on the chosen methodology for project management. In this article, let’s explore two methodologies commonly used by developers in the following sections :

Different types of Management Methodology Effects The Team Structure

1. Traditional (Waterfall Methodology)

The Waterfall approach is based on a linear product development process, where everything is done step by step like a waterfall. This means that each work process continues the work that was previously done and cannot pass one of the stages. In this approach, the composition of the software development team structure consists of developers, testers, analysts, and managers. Each role has its function and responsibility.

2. Agile Management Methodology

This methodology is the opposite of the Waterfall approach. This method is based on working principles of self-regulation without the need for a definite leader.

Roles in the Agile approach are cross-functional so that an IT specialist can take joint responsibility for the result where each team member can help each other and work beyond their competence.

Therefore, the team structure in Agile methodologies is usually small, with only around 6-9 members namely Product Managers, Team Leads, Software Engineers, Designers, and Testers. This methodology is much more flexible than Waterfall.

Roles That Are A Must In Software Development Team

To develop a specific and problem-free product, your team should at least include product managers, team leaders, and the core development team (Software Engineers, Quality Assurance, and Designers). It doesn’t matter what approach you use for your project when that role must always exist because of its irreplaceable role.

The Product Manager is the person who plays a role in overseeing each product development process and how the product enters the market. Where the range of their responsibilities is quite broad, namely: designing/implementing strategies and planning/monitoring product KPIs. Therefore, a product manager pays particular attention to the market and competitors.

The second is team leader, this role covers two important areas, namely technical and human resources. Technically, a team leader is also responsible for the product development process and human resources is responsible for maintaining cross-team connections.

Then no less important is the core development team, how to develop software without a developer? So this role is crucial, starting from coding, making product designs, and ensuring the quality of the products offered to users.

Conclusion

Organizing and creating a structure to form a member of the software development team is a crucial thing because at the beginning and in the end they will determine the success of your project. After reading the article above, you can consider the 10 key roles or follow the steps in building a software development team, you can also choose your team based on the approach you use. But if you need more resources for your insight into the software development team, we have several discussions which can help you to find a solution.

More Resources:

  1. Suitable Software Development Team Structure for a Custom Project
  2. How To Structure a Small Development Team
  3. 7 Hacks to Manage Time Zone Differences on Offshore Team
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