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Web 2.0 vs Web 3.0: Definition, Features, and Differences

Posted 05/12/22

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If you are sensitive to the world of blockchain, maybe the terms “Web 2.0” and “Web 3.0” are familiar to your ears. However, you only know a glimpse without knowing its definitions and words. Since the emergence of the Internet until now, there have been so many significant changes and advances. The history recorded by the Internet can advance human life nowadays.

In short, Web 3.0 is the generation of internet services with different variations and has several improvements in the way users interact with the Internet. Therefore, you need to know what the difference is with Web 2.0. To better understand it, let’s first see the evolution of the Web itself.

Web Evolution

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In its first phase, the Internet had Web 1.0, which included static web pages that served content from a file server system. Web 1.0 allows you, as a user, to access data from almost all corners of the world. The weakness of Web 1.0 is that it does not offer any functionality for users to interact with content.

The weakness of Web 1.0 drove the emergence of Web 2.0, which in its development, began to be followed by Web 3.0. We will now explore Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 in the following paragraphs.

What is Web 2.0?

Web 2.0 refers to the second generation of internet services. Web 2.0 was developed to address the weaknesses of Web 1.0. Now Web 2.0 allows users to interact with content on the Web. The second generation of the Web did not focus on modifying any technical specifications.

In contrast, Web 2.0 emphasized changes in the design of web pages and the way they are used. The Web at this time encourages collaboration and interaction between users in P2P transactions, so this prepares media for e-commerce and social media platforms to participate.

An essential highlight of Web 2.0 is encouraging interoperability across various services. AJAX and JavaScript have also emerged as powerful instruments in building Web 2.0 sites.

Features in Web 2.0

Apart from knowing the definitions, understanding the distinctive features of Web 2.0 is also important to get a good impression of the differences between Web 2.0 VS Web 3.0. Several essential elements can identify from Web 2.0, namely:

  • Users can collectively retrieve and classify information with free sorting of information on Web 2.0.
  • Web 2.0 can ensure dynamic content with high responsiveness to user input.
  • In this second generation of the Web, emphasizing online evaluation and comments as a flow of information between users and site owners.
  • Web 2.0, also called Participatory Social Web, allows users to create and share responsive content.

Web 2.0 represents a powerful frontend revolution by providing many opportunities for interaction with end users, some of the applications of which include social media, blogging, Web content voting, social bookmarking, podcasting, and others.

Now, let’s jump to Web 3.0.

What is Web 3.0?

You may have seen how advances in technology are with the help of Web 2.0, but it still needs to meet the demands of today’s developments.

Problems that are increasingly emerging are related to security. The question is, how secure is the user’s data? In Web 2.0, a trusted institution has control over user data.

If two parties want to complete a transaction on a Web site, they need a trusted intermediary. However, these intermediaries often have constraints in data storage and management.

In addition, also Web 3.0 have solutions to problems in Web 2.0 in terms of security. In addition, centralized power cannot always work well in times of crisis, so it calls for decentralization in Web 3.0.

Features in Web 3.0

To maintain fairness, it’s essential that you also know what features have been developed in Web 3.0, as follows:

  • In Web 3.0, Artificial intelligence has been included to offer correct results faster than accessing information in real-time.
  • The third generation has also enabled users to take advantage of 3D visual and graphical features.
  • Another essential feature in Web 3.0 refers to the Semantic Web functionality. It means that Web 3.0 supports understanding the meaning of words, and the result is that machines and humans can easily find, share, and analyze various information.
  • Web 3.0 task on private security has been enhanced.
  • Web 3.0 in data protection and user identity uses sophisticated authorization mechanisms through distributed and encrypted ledgers to keep user identity safe.

After reading the series of sentences above, it’s time for you to know the comparison between Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 below.

Web 2.0 Vs Web 3.0

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You can catch a comparison between Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 on the features that have been mentioned. One concrete example is that Web 2.0 was about reading and writing operations, while Web 3.0 emphasized the Semantic Web. Let’s look at the comparison of the two through the following factors:

Definition 

Web 2.0 is the second generation’s participatory social Web or internet service that allows reading and writing. Meanwhile, Web 3.0 is the third-generation Web that focuses on semantics, enabling much better communication and understanding between users and machines on a decentralized infrastructure. In the definitions, you can already see the significant difference between the two.

Focus 

Web 2.0 focuses on enabling users to interact with Internet content. On the other hand, Web 3.0 encourages the deepening of content on the Internet by becoming an active contributor. More clearly, Web 2.0 connects humans to humans. Web 3.0 connects knowledge regardless of humans and even machines. 

Technology 

The technologies underlying the growth of Web 2.0 include AJAX and JavaScript, while CSS3 and HTML5 also power Web 2.0. On the other side of the spectrum, Web 3.0 is supported by AI, semantic Web, and decentralized protocols. Other technologies that support Web 3.0 development are knowledge bases and ontologies. 

Application 

In Web 2.0, you can meet web applications. Some examples include two-way Web, video websites, podcasts, and personal blogs. Meanwhile, Web 3.0 takes advantage of ML and AI functionality in building intelligent applications, such as multi-user virtual environments, 3D portals, and integrated games. 

State of Data 

The last difference you can see is in the state of the data. In this case, Web 2.0 was taken over by data ownership networks. However, Web 3.0 implies ownership of data by entities in addition to the flexibility to share data across networks.

Conclusion

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Being involved in the world of technology certainly requires you to always be up to date. Knowing the development of the Web is one of them. As a result, the Web has now reached the third generation. In this article, you already know the comparison with the previous generation. 

So many significant improvements have been provided by Web 3.0 in the history of technology, starting from the focus, features, technology used, applications created, and data state. It would be best if you took advantage of this technological development without forgetting its predecessor, Web 2.0.

See our discussion below if you are still curious about this topic.

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